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The history of the Hawaiian Islands in a few dates
1,500 years ago: Polynesians dock in Hawaii after cruising the ocean, with stars as their only guide.
1778: Captain James Cook berths at Waimea Bay on Kauai Island and becomes the first European to reach the Hawaiian Islands. The explorer names the archipelago “Sandwich Islands” in honor of the 4th Earl of Sandwich. A year later, James Cook is killed in Kealakekua Bay on the island of Hawaii.
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1790: The Battle of Kepaniwai opposes the forces of the island of Hawaii to those of the island of Maui.
1795: The battle of Nuuanu rages on the southern shores of Oahu. This is a decisive battle in Kamehameha’s unification campaign of the islands.
1795-1874: reign of the Kamehameha dynasty on Hawaii.
1810: Kamehameha I unifies the Hawaiian Islands.
1819: Liholiho, son of Kamehameha, defies the tradition that requires men and women to eat separately at a banquet, which leads to the abolition of the kapu (taboo) code of conduct.
1820: arrival of the first missionaries in Hawaii.
1820-1845: Lahaina is the capital of the kingdom of Hawaii.
1835: Opening of the first sugar plantation on Kauai. The Hawaiian Islands are known for the quality of their farmland. Agriculture becomes a major economic asset.
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Hawaii: The story in a few dates
1836: The “King’s Band” is created by Kamehameha III and becomes an essential element of everyday life. Even today, the band, renamed “Royal Hawaiian Band” continues to entertain the crowds in Hawaii and around the world.
1830-1848: With the Grand Mahele (Great Division) decree, Kamehameha III seeks a way to keep the land in the hands of Hawaiians by adopting a western allodial system, as well as a new system that will divide the land into three-thirds: one-third for the Hawaiian crown, a third for the chiefs and a third for the people. Finally, the people will be allocated less than 1% of the land, because land claims had to be registered within two years under the Kuleana Act and many Hawaiians have not taken the necessary steps. At that time, the concept of private property has not yet entered the mores.
1845: Honolulu becomes the capital of the kingdom of Hawaii.
1850s: Increased production from Hawaii’s plantations creates a need for labor. The first recruits are from China. Workers from Japan, Korea, the Philippines and Portugal are also trying their luck on the islands.